如何设置IPSec VPN客户端

简介


使用VPN,可以让你随时随地,通过加密的隧道,安全访问公司内网资源。

我们使用基于IPSec最新的协议IKEv2来实现VPN。这个协议提供了更可靠快速的认证,以及漫游不同网络的能力。更方便的是,很多常用操作系统,如Window 7以上,macOS,iOS都内置了官方的客户端,使用起来也非常顺畅便捷。

本文介绍了如何在Windows, macOS, Ubuntu, iOS和安卓上设置VPN客户端的方法。

预先准备

  • 下载CA证书
  • 从你的网管那里获取连接参数
    • VPN服务器的域名,类似‘vpn.creekside.network’形式;
    • 你的VPN账户名和密码;
  • 使用安卓手机的客户请下载客户端

Windows10


安装证书

Windows10安装证书的手续略为复杂,请参考以下胶片(点击左右侧箭头可翻页)。

1. 搜索应用程序mmc.exe并以管理员身份运行

2. 从文件菜单,选择添加/删除管理单元

3. 从左侧选择“证书”,然后点击中间的“添加”按钮

4. 选择计算机账户,然后点击下一步

5. 选择本地计算机,然后点击完成

6. 返回证书管理页面

7. 浏览到受信任的根证书颁发机构,鼠标右键,在所有任务菜单下,选择导入

8. 进入证书导入向导

9. 在文件名输入框右侧,点击浏览

10. 找到你之前下载的证书文件,点击打开

11. 浏览择证书保存选择选项,并选择受信任的根证书

12. 恭喜你,完成了证书导入流程

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设置连接

Windows已经内置了IKEv2 VPN客户端。你需要在第4步里填写你收到的VPN服务器设置信息:

  • VPN服务商:选”Windows内置”
  • 连接名称:你可以自定义便于记忆的名称
  • 服务器名称或地址:填写服务器域名
  • VPN类型:选择“IKEv2”
  • 登录类型:账户名和密码
  • 账户名:你的账户名

1. 从任务条右下角,点击网络连接图标。

2. 点击左侧的VPN选项。

3. 右边VPN页面下,选择添加VPN

4. 根据前面说明,填写相应的内容。不要使用图片中的信息

5. 你已完成设置,使用连接启动VPN。

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通过VPN访问互联网

IKEv2自动支持split tunnel功能,也就是只有远程网络才走VPN隧道,互联网流量还是走本地网关。在某些应用场景下,如果你希望使用公司的网络来访问互联网,就可以根据以下步骤完成进一步的配置。

1. 在 VPN 页面下, 点击相关设置下的 更改适配器选项

2. 鼠标右键点击VPN连接, 然后从下拉菜单中选择 属性

3.在对话框中,选择网络分页,然后选择TCP/IPv4一行,点击属性

4. 点击右下方的 高级...

5. 勾选在远程网络上使用默认网关,取消勾选自动跃点,并在下方的输入框内填入数字1

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Android


Android没有原生客户端,需要下载,并按以下步骤安装。

在应用商店里搜索 “Strongswan VPN Client” 并安装。你也可以从这里下载APK文件并手动安装。

1. 下载Strongswan VPN客户端

通过邮件,或者点击这个链接,下载证书文件到手机,并点击打开。

2. 保存证书文件到手机

选择右侧的证书安装工具,安装证书。

3. 安装证书

你可以用任何字符串命名你的证书,在证书用途上选择VPN应用。然后点击“OK”完成证书安装。

4. 配置证书

打开“Strongswan”应用程序。因为是第一次使用,页面会显示“无活跃VPN”。点击右上角的“添加VPN配置”。

5. 添加VPN配置

输入合适的配置参数(图例只是参考)
- 服务器地址: 输入发送给你的域名.
- VPN 类型: “IKEv2 EAP(用户名/密码)”
- 用户名: 你收到的用户名
- 密码: 你收到的密码
- CA证书: 确认“自动选择”已勾选.(缺省)

完成后保存。

6. 配置VPN连接

回到主页面,点击相应 的VPN配置,即可连接到VPN服务器。

7. 连接到VPN服务器
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macOS


首先按以下步骤安装证书:

  • 双击下载的证书文件。钥匙串访问应用会自动弹出一个对话框,并提示“钥匙串访问正在尝试修改系统钥匙串。输入密码以允许此次操作“
  • 输入你的计算机密码,然后点击修改钥匙串
  • 双击刚才新引入的VPN证书Creekside Networks Authority。一个参数设置窗口会弹出来,点击信任左侧的箭头,然后在IP安全 (IPSec)一栏中,把缺省的用不信任改成始终信任
  • 系统会再次要求你输入密码确认。确认完成后,刚才的改变会自动被保存下来。证书导入完毕。

接下来我们设置VPN连接。

  • 打开系统偏好设置,选择网络
  • 点击左侧网络列表框下面的“+“号;
  • 在弹出的对话框里
    • 选择接口为VPN
    • VPN类型缺省是IKEv2,这个不要改;
    • 服务名称项目里,你可以输入任何你喜欢的名字;
    • 完成后点击创建;
  • 在新的连接页面里,
    • 服务器地址:输入管理员发给你的域名;
    • 远程ID:和上述服务器地址一样的域名;
    • 本地ID:保持空白;
    • 点击认证设置…,在对话框里输入:
      • 用户名:你的VPN用户名;
      • 密码:你的VPN密码;
      • 完成后,点击“
    • 回到连接页面后,点击应用以保存刚才的设置;
    • 点击连接,你就会连接到VPN服务器了。

iOS


按照以下步骤配置VPN:

  • 使用隔空投送把证书文件发送到你的手机;
  • 一个对话框会自动弹出来,如果你有Apple Watch, 会首先提示你选择选择要安装的设备,选择iPhone,系统会提示描述文件已下载。
  • 打开设置应用,找到通用并打开
    • 向下滑动到描述文件一行出现,点击打开;
    • 在已下载的配置描述文件下方的列表里,点击Creekside Networks Authority一项;
    • 在随后出现的安装描述文件页面中,点击右上角的安装按钮;
    • 输入你的锁屏密码
    • 再次点击安装,证书安装就完成了。
  • 回到通用页面,我们开始配置VPN连接:
    • 向下滑动到VPN一行,点击打开;
    • 在页面的最后一行,点击添加VPN配置…,进入添加配置页面
      • 类型:使用缺省的IKEv2
      • 描述:VPN连接的名称,填写你公司的名称或者任意名字;
      • 服务器地址:输入管理员发给你的域名
      • 远程ID:和上述服务器地址一样的域名
      • 本地ID:保持空白
      • 用户鉴定:保持用户名不变
      • 用户名:你的VPN用户名;
      • 密码:你的VPN密码;
      • 最后点击左上角的完成
    • 回到VPN页面
      • 点选刚才设置的VPN连接;
      • 状态一栏,点击未连接右侧的开关;
      • 你就会连接到VPN服务器了。

Ubuntu


Ubuntu 16.04

首先,我们要下载Strongswan源码,编译并安装:

cd ~
sudo apt-get install -y libssl-dev libglib2.0-dev libnm-dev
wget http://download.strongswan.org/strongswan-5.6.3.tar.bz2
tar xjf strongswan-5.6.3.tar.bz2
cd ~/strongswan-5.6.3
./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --prefix=/usr --libexecdir=/usr/lib \
   --disable-aes --disable-des --disable-md5 --disable-sha1 
   --disable-sha2 --disable-fips-prf --disable-gmp --enable-openssl \
   --enable-nm --enable-agent --enable-eap-gtc --enable-eap-md5 \
   --enable-eap-mschapv2 --enable-eap-identity
make
sudo make install

然后是NetworkManager的Strongswan插件。

cd ~
sudo apt-get install -y intltool libgtk-3-dev libsecret-1-dev \
  libnma-dev network-manager-dev libnm-util-dev libnm-glib-dev \
  libnm-glib-vpn-dev libnm-gtk-dev

wget http://download.strongswan.org/NetworkManager/NetworkManager-strongswan-1.4.4.tar.bz2

tar xjf NetworkManager-strongswan-1.4.4.tar.bz2
cd ~/NetworkManager-strongswan-1.4.4
./configure --sysconfdir=/etc --prefix=/usr --libexecdir=/usr/lib

make
sudo make install

Ubuntu 18.04

我们先下载官方的Strongswan以及相应的NeworkManager插件。

sudo apt install -y strongswan libcharon-extra-plugins network-manager-strongswan

Setup VPN connections

VPN客户端安装好了,接下来是配置VPN连接。

  • Open System Settings, then select Network;
    • Ubuntu 16.04:
      • Click the + sign at the left-bottom corner, choice Interface type to VPN, then click Create;
    • Ubuntu 18.04
      • Click the + sign at the right side of VPN list.
  • A VPN connection type dialog box will pop out, choose IPSec/IKEv2 (Strongswan), click Create;
    • Now a configuration dialog box will pop out. fill in information as directed below;
      • Name: Any text you like to name the VPN connection
      • Gateway
        • Address: The VPN server’s domain name IT sent to you.
        • Certificate: Browse to choose the certificate file you received. 
      • Client
        • Authentication: Select “EAP
        • Username: Use the userid that is given to you.
        • Password:
          • Click the icon at the end of input box.
          • Select the 2nd option: Store the password for all users.
          • Input your password
      • Options:
        • Make sure you check the “Request an inner IP address”.
        • Optionally you may also check Enforce UDP encapsulation
        • Leave use IP compression unchecked.
      • Cipher Proposals
        • Leave this section blank.
    • Finally click the “Add” button to save the configuration.

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    อยากได้มอนระลึกฉัน ฉันพกเกมส์มาเอื้ออำนวยเลือกคัดเป่ากว่า 500 โพยต่อสัปดาห์ อัพเดทปัจจุบัน ใหม่เรี่ยมตลอด คีบเป็นเว็บทิ่มฟุตบอลแห่งหนเรียบร้อยมุทธาในที่แหลมทองล่วง
    ทั้งนี้อีกทั้งเป็นได้เลือกสรรเป่าบอลคว้าทุกลีก ทั่วคู่
    ทั่วโลก เรียบร้อยเสริฟมาริส่งเสียสมาชิกตำลูกฟุตบอลออนไลน์แบบครบถ้วน ไม่ว่าจะยังไม่ตายงานกะซวกบอลออนไลน์ , กะซวกบาส ,
    เบถูกใจอล , เทนนิส , อเมริกันฟุตบอล , กีฬาเหมือนกับจริงๆ , กรีฑา , ออสเตรเลียน รูลส์ฟุตบอล ,
    แบดมินตัน , แบนดี้ ,
    บอลริมหาด , มวยฝรั่ง , มวยไทย , คริกเกเรต ,
    รถถีบ ,เกมส์พุ่งเป้า , อีสปอร์ต , ฮอกกี้ , ฟุตซอล ,
    เธอลิฟุตบอล , กอล์ฟ , แฮนด์บอล , ฮอกกี้น้ำแข็ง ,
    กราบลาคเฝ้ารอส , มอเตอร์สปอร์ต , รักบี้ ,
    สควอช , เอียงบินเทนิส , วอลเลย์บอล , โปโลห้วงน้ำ
    กีฬาโอลิมปิก , กีฬาหน้าเย็น เป็นต้น
    อีกถมไป ทั้งปวงวิธาอำนวยหยุดลูกฟุตบอลภัทรเป็นยอด คุ้มค่ากับดักเงินตราพนันวิธเป็นแม่นมั่น
    เอสบีโอเบท เว็บทิ่มแทงลูกบอลออนไลน์ที่ทางเจริญเป็นยอด โดยกอบด้วยคนกลาง agent ย่านถมมัตถกะในประชาชาติประเทศไทย โดดเด่นณคดีความฉลุย สุข รวดเร็ว และงัดส่งให้เป่าท้าพนันลูกบอลออนไลน์ถูกต้องข้อบัญญัติทั่วแบบ
    ทั่วพนันกีฬาออนไลน์ ค้างสิตุ่ยยังมีชีวิตอยู่
    ค้างสฺิปูดออนไลน์ ปนเกมส์คาซินูนมาหาเก็บที่นี้ชิ่น พร้อมด้วยยังกอบด้วยระเบียบ วาน-เอาคืน เบี้ยประกอบกิจได้รับไม่เว้น 24 ครู่ หากว่าใคร่ได้ใช้บริการเว็บ nova88 ตั้งต้น วานขั้นต่ำ 100 บาทาขนาดนั้น
    ก็อาจจะเปิดม่านติดตั้งเดิมพันลูกบอลออนไลน์หาได้ต่อจากนั้นผิผูกพันตะกลาม ลงสมัครขา สโบเบทเก่งโทรศัพท์ได้มาครามครันทางเลือกพร้อมด้วยรองรับโปรแตงโมชั่นขานวชาตทั้งปวง User
    SBOAAAAA คือเอเยนต์แห่งเทอะทะที่สุดณประเทศชาติแหลมทอง มีอยู่เหตุสดมือโปรในข้องานกำนัลบริการกะซวกบอลออนไลน์ เสร็จยังจัดหามารับกรณีไว้เนื้อเชื่อใจสุดมัตถก ไหว้วานเอาคืนด่วน คว้าสมบัติมั่นใจ อีการันหวดจัดหามา จากฝ่ายผลงานคุณภาพกว่า สิบ ปี ไหว้วานขอคืนทรัพย์สมบัติไม่เกิน 3
    นาที รับสารภาพเครดิตฉับพลัน ทิ่มแทงลูกบอลออนไลน์ ได้สม่ำเสมอเปล่ามีสะดุด จุดเด่นแหล่เหล่าก่อส่งให้ สโบเบ็ต
    นั้นรุ่งเจียรยังไม่ตายเท้าหน้าเว็บพนันขันต่อแผ่นดินประณีตเต็มที่ บ้างคงอยู่สถิรอื้อซ่ามัตถกะ หากว่าทบทวนดูประเด็นเว็บเล่นพนันขันต่อออนไลน์ จักแตะต้องอาลัยอาวรณ์ สโบเบ็โคนอนไลน์ ได้มาทุก 24 ครู่ เรียกร้องได้รองบริการณน่าพอใจเป็นยอดเปรียบเหมือนดังหนึ่งผู้ซื้อ VIP ทั่วยูสเซอร์ การันตีดุเราจักเปล่าบริหารเอื้ออำนวยความเกื้อกูลผิดหวัง

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  33. McClanahan Desai

    The Sands Casino and Hotel were an amazing historic landmark in Las Vegas, Nevada, the first major American hotel and gambling complex on the Las Vegas Strip. Designed by the celebrated architect Wayne McAllister, the Sands quickly became the seventh casino to open along the famous Strip. In its fir

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